نوشته شده در موضوع پرسپکتیو چهره در 09 دسامبر 2014

Wikiquote has quotations compared to: patience

Patience (or forbearing) is a state of continuation underneath formidable circumstances, that can meant steady in a face of check or irritation though behaving on annoyance/anger in a disastrous way; or exhibiting ease when underneath strain, generally when faced with longer-term difficulties. Patience is a spin of continuation one can take before negativity. It is also used to impute to a impression trait of being steadfast. Antonyms embody bustle and impetuousness.

Scientific perspectives[edit]

In evolutionary psychology and in cognitive neuroscience, ease is complicated as a decision-making problem, involving a choice of possibly a tiny prerogative in a brief term, or a some-more profitable prerogative in a prolonged term. When given a choice, all animals, humans included, are inclined to encourage brief tenure rewards over prolonged tenure rewards. This is notwithstanding a mostly larger advantages compared with prolonged tenure rewards.

In a 2005 investigate involving common marmosets and cottontop tamarins, animals of both class faced a stoicism model in that people chose between holding an evident tiny prerogative and watchful a non-static volume of time for a vast reward. Under these conditions, marmosets waited significantly longer for food than tamarins. This disproportion can't be explained by life history, amicable poise or mind size. It can, however, be explained by feeding ecology: marmosets rest on gum, a food product acquired by watchful for exudate to upsurge from trees, since tamarins feed on insects, a food product requiring guileless action. Foraging ecology, therefore, competence yield a resourceful vigour for a enlargement of self-control.[1]

Patience of tellurian users in a online universe has been a thesis of many new systematic research. In a 2012 investigate [3] involving tens of millions of users who watched videos on a Internet, Krishnan and Sitaraman uncover that online users run out of ease in as small as dual seconds while watchful for their selected video to start playing.[4] The investigate also shows that users who are connected to a Internet during faster speeds are reduction studious than their counterparts connected during slower speeds, demonstrating a couple between a tellurian expectancy of speed and tellurian patience. These and other systematic studies of ease have led many amicable commentators to interpretation that a fast gait of record is rewiring humans to be reduction and reduction patient.[5][6][7]

Religious perspectives[edit]


Patience and calm are distinguished themes in Judaism. The Talmud extols ease as an critical personal trait. The story of Micah, for example, is that he suffers many severe conditions and nonetheless endures, observant “I will wait for a God who saves me.” Patience in God, it is said, will assist believers in anticipating a strength to be delivered from a evils that are fundamental in a earthy life.[8]

In a Hebrew Torah, ease is referred to in several proverbs, such as “The studious male shows many good sense, though a hasty male displays unsteadiness during a height” (Proverbs 14:29, NAB); “An upsetting male stirs adult strife, though a studious male allays discord.” (Proverbs 15:18, NAB); and “A studious male is improved than a warrior, and he who manners his temper, than he who takes a city.” (Proverbs 16:32). The tension is also discussed in other sections, such as Ecclesiastes: “Better is a studious suggestion than a lofty spirit. Do not in suggestion spin fast discontented, for displeasure lodges in a familiar of a fool.” (Ecclesiastes 7:8-9, NAB).


In a Christian religion, ease is one of a many profitable virtues of life. Increasing ease is noticed as a work of a Holy Ghost in a Christian who has supposed a benefaction of salvation. While ease is not one of a normal biblical 3 theological virtues nor one of a normal principal virtues, it is partial of a fruit of a Holy Spirit, according to a Apostle Paul in his Epistle to a Galatians.

In a Christian Bible, ease is referred to in several sections. The Book of Proverbs records that “through ease a ruler can be persuaded, and a peaceful tongue can mangle a bone” (Proverbs 25:14-16, NIV); Ecclesiastes points out that a “end of a matter is improved than a beginning, and ease is improved than pride” (Ecclesiastes 7:7-9, NIV); and 1 Thessalonians states that we should “be studious with all. See that no one earnings immorality for evil; rather, always find what is good for any other and for all” (1 Thessalonians 5:14-15, NAB). In a Epistle of James, a Bible urges Christians to be patient, and ” see how a rancher waits for a changed fruit of a earth,…until it receives a early and a late rains.” (James 5:7-11, NAB). In Galatians, ease is listed as partial of a “fruit of a Spirit”: “love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, pliability and self-control. Against such things there is no law”. (Galatians 5:21-23, NIV). In Timothy, a Bible states that “Jesus competence arrangement his total ease as an instance for those who would trust on him and accept almighty life”.(1 Timothy 1:15-17, NIV).


Patience with indifferent faith in Allah is called sabr (Arabic: صْبِرْ ṣabr‎), one of a best virtues of life in Islam. Through sabr, a Muslim believes that an particular can grow closer to God and so achieve loyal peace. It is also stressed in Islam, that Allah is with those who are patient, some-more privately during difficulty and suffering. Several verses in Quran titillate Muslims to find Allah’s assistance when faced with fear and loss, with studious prayers and stability for Allah. For example:[9]

Be certain we shall examination we with something of fear and hunger, some detriment in products or lives or a fruits (of your toil), though give blissful knowledge to those who patiently persevere; who say, when cheerless with calamity: “To Allah We belong, and to Him is a return”.

It is not goodness that we spin your faces towards a East and a West, though goodness is this that one should trust in Allah and a final day and a angels and a Book and a prophets, and give divided resources out of adore for Him to a nearby of family and a orphans and a needy and a traveller and a beggars and for (the emancipation of) a captives, and keep adult request and compensate a poor-rate; and a performers of their guarantee when they make a promise, and the patient in trouble and distress and in time of conflicts– these are they who are loyal (to themselves) and these are they who ensure (against evil). O ye who believe! Retaliation is prescribed for we in a matter of a murdered; a freeman for a freeman, and a worker for a slave, and a womanlike for a female. And for him who is forgiven rather by his (injured) brother, charge according to use and remuneration unto him in kindness. This is an alleviation and a forgiveness from your Lord. He who transgresseth after this will have a upsetting doom.

Similarly, ease is mentioned in hadith Sahih Bukhari:

Narrated Aisha: we asked Allah’s Apostle about a plague. He said, “That was a means of woe that Allah used to send on whomsoever He wished, though He finished it a source of forgiveness for a believers, for anyone who is staying in a city in that this illness is present, and stays there and does not leave that town, though has ease and hopes for Allah’s reward, and knows that zero will succeed him solely what Allah has created for him, afterwards he will get such prerogative as that of a martyr.”

In Islamic tradition, Job (Ayyoob) illustrates a story where he demonstrated ease and indifferent faith in Allah. Ibn Kathir narrates a story in a following manner: Job was a really abounding chairman with many land, and many animals and children — all of that were mislaid and shortly he was struck with illness as a examination from Allah. He remained indifferent and studious in his prayers to Allah, so Allah eventually relieved him of a disease, gave him double a income he lost, and lifted to life twice a series of children who had died before him.[10]


In Buddhism, ease (Skt.: kshanti; Pali: khanti) is one of a “perfections” (paramitas) that a bodhisattva trains in and practices to comprehend ideal note (bodhi). The Buddhist judgment of ease is graphic from a English clarification of a word. In Buddhism, ease refers to not returning harm, rather than merely fast a formidable situation. It is a ability to control one’s emotions even when being criticized or attacked.[11] In hymn 184 of a Dhammapada it is pronounced that ‘enduring ease is a top austerity’.[12]


Patience and ease is deliberate an essential trait in Hinduism.[13][14] In ancient novel of Hinduism, a judgment of ease is referred to with a word pariksaha (patience and forbearance, Sanskrit: परिषहा),[15][16] and several other difference such as sahiṣṇutā (patient toleration, Sanskrit: सहिष्णुता),[17]titiksha (forbearance, Sanskrit: तितिक्षा),[18][19]sah or sahanshilata (suffer with patience, Sanskrit: सह, सहनशीलता)[20][21] and several others.

Patience, in Hindu philosophy, is a contented continuation of perplexing conditions and a effect of one’s movement and deeds (karma).[22] It is also a ability to wait, continue opposites – such as pain and pleasure, cold and heat, sorrows and joys – calmly, though anxiety, and though a enterprise to find revenge.[23][24] In interpersonal relationships, just titiksha means that if someone attacks or insults though cause, one contingency continue it though feeling enmity, anger, rancour or anxiety.[25] The judgment of ease is explained as being some-more than trust, and as a value that reflects a state of one’s physique and mind.[26] The tenure pariksaha is infrequently also translated as examination or exam, in other contexts. Some of these concepts have been carried into a devout bargain of yoga. Sandilya Upanishad of Hinduism identifies 10 sources of ease and forbearances: Ahimsa, Satya, Asteya, Brahmacharya, Daya, Arjava,Kshama, Dhriti, Mitahara and Saucha. In any of these 10 forbearances, a just substantial faith is that a stream suggestion and a destiny for everyone, including oneself, will be stronger if these forbearances are one’s guide. Each source of those 10 pariksaha (patience and forbearances) are:[27][28]

  • Ahimsa (non-violence) is not being aroused to any tellurian being and any vital being during any time by one’s action, with difference one speaks or writes, or in one’s thoughts.[26]
  • Satya is expressing and behaving with truth.
  • Asteya is not coveting of another’s skill by any act of one’s mind, speech, or body.
  • Brahmacharya is eagerness to sojourn a bachelor by one’s actions of mind, debate or body.
  • Daya is umbrella affability to everybody and all creatures.
  • Arjava is a refusal to mistreat or wrong others possibly by a opening or by non-performance of actions of one’s mind, debate or body.
  • Kshama is acceptance of pang while forgiving all pleasing or upsetting things, such as regard or blow by others.
  • Dhriti is a will to sojourn of ease mind and suggestion during durations of benefit or detriment of resources or relatives.
  • Mitahara is mediation and calm in expenditure of food, drinks and wealth.
  • Saucha is a clarification of a physique by earth and water; and of a mind by a office of bargain oneself.

The exemplary novel of Hinduism exists in many Indian languages. For example, Tirukkuṛaḷ created between 200 BC and 400 AD, and infrequently called a Tamil Veda, is one of a many loving classics on Hinduism created in a South Indian language. It too discusses ease and forbearance, dedicating Chapter 16 of Book 1 to it. Tirukkuṛaḷ suggests patience is required for an reliable life and one’s prolonged tenure happiness, even if ease is infrequently formidable in a brief term. Some of a hymn excerpts from this book are: “our control contingency always encourage forbearance”; “one contingency patiently continue bold remarks, since it delivers us to purity”; “if we are unjustly wronged by others, it is best to conquer a harm with patience, accept suffering, and refrain from unrighteous retaliation”; “it is good to patiently continue injuries finished to you, though to forget them is even better”; “just as a Earth bears those who puncture into her, one contingency with ease bear with those who depreciate us”, and so on.[29][30][31]

Philosophical perspectives[edit]

In Human, All Too Human, philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche argued that “being means to wait is so tough that a biggest poets did not contempt to make a inability to wait a thesis of their poetry.” He records that “Passion will not wait”, and gives a instance of cases of duels, in that a “advising friends have to establish either a parties concerned competence be means to wait a while longer. If they cannot, afterwards a duel is reasonable [because]…to wait would be to continue pang a terrible woe of annoyed honor…”.

See also[edit]

  • Time
  • Toleration


Look adult patience in Wiktionary, a giveaway dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media compared to Patience.

  1. ^ USA. “The ecology and enlargement of ease in dual New World monkeys”. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  2. ^ “Video Stream Quality Impacts Viewer Behavior, by Krishnan and Sitaraman, ACM Internet Measurement Conference, Nov 2012.”. 
  3. ^ “Video Stream Quality Impacts Viewer Behavior, by Krishnan and Sitaraman, ACM Internet Measurement Conference, Nov 2012.”. 
  4. ^ “CNN: Online viewers embankment slow-loading video after 2 seconds, Nov 2012”. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  5. ^ “NPR Morning Edition: In Video-Streaming Rat Race, Fast is Never Fast Enough, Oct 2012”. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  6. ^ “Boston Globe: Instant benefit is creation us eternally impatient, Feb 2013”. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  7. ^ “Patience is a Network Effect, by Nicholas Carr, Nov 2012”. 
  8. ^ Firestone, Reuven. “Patience”. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  9. ^ see also: [Quran 3:195–200], [Quran 41:24–35], and [Quran 11:114–115]
  10. ^ Ibn Kathir. Stories of a Prophet. Dar Al-Manarah. pp. 157–160. ISBN 977-6005-17-9. 
  11. ^ “Alexander Berzin, The Ten Far-Reaching Attitudes in Theravada, Mahayana, and Bon, 1995”. 2012-06-08. Retrieved 2012-08-30. 
  12. ^ Template:Cite weburl= file/scrndhamma.pdf
  13. ^ See virtues discussed underneath essay on Sanatana Dharma Encyclopedia Britannica (2009)
  14. ^ Madigan, T. (2009), Schopenhauer’s merciful morality, Philosophy Now, 52, 16-17
  15. ^ see PariSahA, Sanskrit Dictionary, Germany
  16. ^ Search for sanskrit word pariSahA Monier Williams Translation of Sanskrit Concepts, University of Koln, Germany
  17. ^ Sanskrit difference compared to “Patience” in Sanskrit Dictionary, Germany See also Monier Williams Translation of Sanskrit Concepts
  18. ^ Hunter, A. (2007), Forgiveness: Hindu and Western Perspectives, Journal of Hindu-Christian Studies, 20(1), 11
  19. ^ Titiksha Sanskrit Dictionary, Germany
  20. ^ Sahanshilata Sanskrit Dictionary, Germany
  21. ^ see entrance for SAH 3rd column, Page 343, Macdonell Sanskrit Dictionary
  22. ^ Shankaracharya’s Vedānta Ernest Wood, ISBN 978-1425482596, see Chapter 4, underneath GNYANA-YOGA, pp 73-74
  23. ^ R.S. Nathan (2000), Hinduism that is Sanatana Dharma, ISBN 81-7597-065-0
  24. ^ Tattvabhushan, S. (1898), Sankvracharya (His life and teaching: a interpretation of Atma-Bodha), 2nd Edition, The Society for a Resuscitation of Indian Literature
  25. ^ Hunter, A. and Rigby, A. (2009), Gandhi and a trait of forgiveness, Gandhi Marg 30 (4), see page 430
  26. ^ a b Kaneda, T. (2008). Shanti, calmness of mind. C. Eppert H. Wang (Eds.), Cross informative studies in curriculum: Eastern thought, educational insights, pages 171-192, ISBN 978-0805856736, Taylor Francis
  27. ^ Swami, P. (2000). Encyclopaedic Dictionary of Upaniṣads: SZ (Vol. 3). Sarup Sons; see pages 630-631
  28. ^ Ballantyne, J. R., Yogīndra, S. (1850). A Lecture on a Vedánta: Embracing a Text of a Vedánta-sára. Presbyterian goal press.
  29. ^ Tirukkuṛaḷ Translated by Rev G.U. Pope, Rev W.H. Drew, Rev John Lazarus, and Mr F W Ellis (1886), WH Allen Company; see territory 1.2.12; pages 19-20
  30. ^ Tirukkuṛaḷ see Chapter 16, Book 1
  31. ^ Tirukkuṛaḷ Translated by V.V.R. Aiyar, Tirupparaithurai : Sri Ramakrishna Tapovanam (1998)


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