Point of perspective (philosophy)

نوشته شده در موضوع خرید اینترنتی در 21 ژانویه 2016

In philosophy, a point of view is a specified or settled demeanour of consideration, [1] an opinion how one sees or thinks of something, [2] as in “from doctor’s indicate of view”. This incongruous use of a countenance as attested given 1760.[3] In this meaning, a use is synonymous with one of a meanings of a tenure perspective.[4][5]


Margarita Vázquez Campos and Antonio Manuel Liz Gutiérrez in their work “The Notion of Point of View” give a extensive research of a structure of a concept. They indicate that notwithstanding being essential in many discourses, a idea has not been sufficient analyzed, nonetheless some critical works do exist.[6] They discuss that early exemplary Greek philosophers, starting from Parmenides and Heraclitus discussed a propinquity between “appearance” and reality, i.e., how a points of viewpoint are connected with reality. [7] They privately indicate out Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. They cruise Wittgenstein’s speculation of “pictures” or “models” (Wittgenstein used a German word Bild, that means both “picture” and “model”) as an painting of a attribute between points of viewpoint and reality.[8]

The judgment of a “point of view” is rarely multifunctional and ambiguous. Many things might be judged from certain personal, normal or dignified indicate of viewpoint (as in “the beauty is in a eye of a beholder”). Our trust about a existence is mostly relations to a certain indicate of view.[9]

Vázquez Campos and Manuel Liz Gutierrez suggested to investigate a judgment of a “point of view” regulating dual approaches: one formed on a judgment of “propositional attitudes”, another is formed on a concepts of “location” and “access”.[10]

Propositional attitudes[edit]

This territory requires expansion. (August 2015)

The inner structure of a indicate of viewpoint might be analysed likewise to a judgment of a propositional attitude. A propositional opinion is an attitude, i.e., a mental state hold by an representative toward a proposition. Examples of such attitudes are “to trust in something”, “to enterprise something”, “to theory something”, “to remember something”, etc. Vazques Campos and Gutierrez advise that points of viewpoint might be analyzed as structured sets of propositional attitudes, [11] The authors pull on Christopher Peacocke’s Sense and Content.[5]

Within this proceed one might lift out ontological sequence of several distinctions, such as particular vs. common points of view, personal vs. non-personal, non-conceptual vs. conceptual, etc. [5]

Location and access[edit]

This territory requires expansion. (August 2015)

Whereas propositional attitudes proceed is to investigate points of viewpoint internally, a “location/access” proceed analyzes points of viewpoint externally, by their role. The tenure “access” refers to a matter of Liz Gutierrez that “points of views, or perspectives, are ways of carrying entrance to a universe and to ourselves”, and a tenure “location” is in anxiety to a supposing selection of Jon Moline that points of viewpoint are “ways of observation things and events from certain locations”. Moline rejects a idea that points of viewpoint are reducible to some manners formed on some theories, maxims or dogmas. Moline considers a judgment of “location” in dual ways: in a proceed approach as a vantage point, and in an extended way, a proceed how a given vantage indicate provides a perspective, i.e., influences a perception. [12]

This proceed might residence epistemological issues, such as relativism, existence of a comprehensive indicate of view, harmony of points of viewpoint (including “faultless disagreement”), probability of a indicate of viewpoint but a bearer, etc. [5]

See also[edit]

  • paradigm
  • reality tunnel
  • umwelt
  • world view
  • value system


  1. ^ “Point of view”, Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc. 31 Aug. 2015.
  2. ^ “Point of view” The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer. Houghton Mifflin Company. 31 Aug. 2015.
  3. ^ “Point of view.” Online Etymology Dictionary. Douglas Harper, Historian. 31 Aug. 2015.
  4. ^ Campos, Gutiérrez, p. 2
  5. ^ a b c d Manuel Liz Margarita Vázquez, “Two approaches to a idea of Point of View”, extended epitome for: 14TH CONGRESS OF LOGIC, METHODOLOGY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE NANCY, JULY 19-26, 2011 (retrieved Aug 31, 2015)
  6. ^ Campos, Gutiérrez, p. 2
  7. ^ Campos-Gutiérrez, p. 7
  8. ^ Campos,Gutiérrez, p. 14
  9. ^ Campos,Gutiérrez, p. 2
  10. ^ Manuel Liz, p. 110
  11. ^ Campos,Gutiérrez, p. 17
  12. ^ Moline, Jon, “On Points of View”, American Philosophical Quarterly, 1968, vol. 5, 191-198. (as cited by Manuel Liz)


  • Margarita Vázquez Campos, Antonio Manuel Liz Gutiérrez, “The Notion of Point of View”, in: Temporal Points of View: Subjective and Objective Aspects, Springer, 2015, ISBN 3319198157
  • Manuel Liz, “Models and Points of View: The Analysis of a Notion of Point of View”, in: Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology: Theoretical and Cognitive Issues, Springer Science Business Media, 2013, ISBN 364237428X

Further reading[edit]

  • Moore, A., Points of View, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1997

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations associated to: Point of viewpoint (philosophy)

Article source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perspective_(cognitive)

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