Resilience: The presentation of a viewpoint for amicable …

نوشته شده در موضوع خرید اینترنتی در 24 فوریه 2016


The resilience viewpoint is increasingly used as an proceed for bargain a dynamics of social–ecological systems. This essay presents a start of a resilience viewpoint and provides an overview of a growth to date. With roots in one bend of ecology and a find of mixed basins of captivate in ecosystems in a 1960–1970s, it desirous amicable and environmental scientists to plea a widespread fast balance view. The resilience proceed emphasizes non-linear dynamics, thresholds, doubt and surprise, how durations of light change interplay with durations of fast change and how such dynamics correlate opposite temporal and spatial scales. The story was dominated by experimental observations of ecosystem dynamics interpreted in mathematical models, building into a adaptive government proceed for responding to ecosystem change. Serious attempts to confederate a amicable dimension is now holding place in resilience work reflected in a vast numbers of sciences concerned in explorative studies and new discoveries of related social–ecological systems. Recent advances embody bargain of amicable processes like, amicable training and amicable memory, mental models and knowledge–system integration, visioning and unfolding building, leadership, agents and actor groups, amicable networks, institutional and organizational sluggishness and change, adaptive capacity, transformability and systems of adaptive governance that concede for government of essential ecosystem services.


  • Resilience;
  • Social–ecological systems;
  • Adaptive capacity;
  • Transformations

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